The history of man on the island has ancient roots and dates back to the Neolithic period (3500 BC). The Phoenicians discovered the island in 2000 BC, but it wasn't until 800 BC that the Greeks settled here, once they discovered the presence of suitable natural living conditions, followed by the Syracusans and their tyrant, Gerone. Thanks to the Romans, in 300 BC the island became popular as a thermal treatment area. Due to its geographical position, the island was dominated by various populations, including Saracens, Normans, Swabians and noble families such as the Angevins and Aragonese, proof of which can be found in the Aragonese Castle, the Guevara Tower, the lookout towers and churches.
The Villa Arbusto Archaeological Museum hosts findings that bear witness to life on the island. The alternation of cultures also left its traces in the island architecture: from the intertwining alleys, the light-coloured tones of the steps and facades of seaside houses, with their Arab-style arches to the barrel-shaped roofs of the rural villages on the hills, to the houses dug in the tuff in Falanga. Not to mention the opulence of the Neapolitan patrician Villas, with their cheerful colours and a zest for life you'll also find at the Regina Isabella Hotel.